In 2014, the NIIDAR (the Scientific and Research Institute for Long-Distance Radio Communications) moved from Preobrazhenskaya Square of Moscow City to Moscow Region. Empty buildings were let out and after some time the space became converted into the largest underground art cluster of Moscow. It preserved the spirit of authentic old factory premises, the rent was low, the space was accessible all day long and inhabited by a friendly community of artists. Many members of the community resided in workshops on the premises and organised collaborations without leaving the factory grounds.
There had always been rumours about demolishing the space, and at some point people stopped paying them any attention. In October 2021, the tenants received official notice that all contracts would be terminated in unilateral order and were given a month to vacate the premises. NIIDAR is neither the first nor the last case of demolishing old factory buildings and industrial zones for the purpose of developing new residential areas. To this day, the following industrial zones have been either fully or partially demolished and developed into residential areas: OJSC AMO “ZiL”, Moscow Metallurgical Plant (“Serp i Molot”), Lenino, and the Verkhniye Kotli Industrial Zone. Soon, the same fate will be met by the Badaevsky Brewery.